哒哒英语:初中定语从句的用法

时间:2018-05-12 12:51来源:http://www.nczhichuang.com/ 作者:笔秀网 点击:
初中英语的语法知识是非常多的,不下苦功夫学习起来是非常难的,所以在初中的英语学习中,大家还是要多多掌握一些基本的知识。针对于这种情况,下面 哒哒英语 就为大家带来关

初中英语的语法知识是非常多的,不下苦功夫学习起来是非常难的,所以在初中的英语学习中,大家还是要多多掌握一些基本的知识。针对于这种情况,下面哒哒英语就为大家带来关于初中英语从句之定语从句的有关介绍,希望大家会喜欢。

先为大家介绍一下定语从句的概念:在复合句中,修饰的某个名词或者代词就叫做定语从句。并且被修饰的名词或者代词就叫做先行词,引导定语从句的叫做关系词,定语从句一般是放在先行词的后面的。

一、由which, that引导的从句

它们所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等,作宾语时可以省略,例如:

(1) Prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside. 农村出现了前所未有的繁荣。(which / that在从句中作主语)

(2) The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿那个包裹快要散开了。(which / that在从句中作宾语)

注意: 代表物时多用which,但在下列情况中用that而不用which:

a)先行词是anything, everything, nothing , none等不定代词时;

b)先行词由every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much等修饰时,这时的that常被省略;

二、 限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句

(1)限制性定语从句是句中不可缺少的组成部分,主句和从句之间不用逗号分开。引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词有who, whom, whose, which, of which等,这些关系代词都不能省略。

(2)非限制性定语从句是对主句先行词的补充说明,没有这种从句,不影响主句意思的完整,一般用逗号把主句和从句分开,关系代词用 which,不用that;指人时可用who,如: I have two brothers, who are both students.

如何简化定语从句

(1).定语从句简化为形容词或形容词短语作后置定语。如:

My grandfather lives in a village that is far away from here.

→My grandfather lives in a village far away from here.我祖父住在离这儿很远的一个村子。

This is a book that is worth reading.

→This is a book worth reading. 这是一本值得看的书。

(2)定语从句简化为现在分词或现在分词短语作前置或后置定语。

The man who is standing under the tree is our English teacher.

→The man standing under the trees our English teacher.

站在树下面的那个人是我们的英语老师。

I saw the house that was burning at that time.→I saw the burning house at thattime.

哒哒英语:初中定语从句的用法

通过上面的介绍,想必大家对定语从句有所了解,下面哒哒英语为大家带来定语从句的典型例题讲解:

例 1 The book______ is sold out atthe moment.

A. you need B. what you need

C. which you need it D. that youneed it

解析 B、C、D中的what和it与先行The book相抵触,故选 A。

例 2 Is this the place______Lincoln once lived.

A. that B. which C. where D. when

解析本题指地点,故选 C。

例 3Her sister,______ you met atmy home, was a teacher of English.

A. whom B. that C. which D. whois

解析非限制性定语从句中,关系代词用 which,不用that,但指人时用who或whom.故选A。

例 4 These book are for students_____ mother language is not English.

A. of whom B. that C. which D.whose

解析 whose引导的定语从句中,whose用作定语,故选D。

以上就是哒哒英语为大家带来的初中英语从句之定语从句,希望大家会喜欢。

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